what causes stretch marks
These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Women are far more likely to develop stretch marks, in general. Let us say you just got pregnant, the elasticity of the skin will be pushed further. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Many women experience stretch marks during pregnancy as the skin stretches in numerous ways to make room for the developing baby. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. Cushing syndrome causes elevated cortisol levels, which leads to rapid weight gain. There are several ways to improve the appearance of stretch marks: Medical procedures and prescription medicines aren’t guaranteed to cure stretch marks, and they can be expensive. Skin changes and diseases in pregnancy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Brennan M, et al. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. they have a tendency to … Make a donation. What causes stretch marks? Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. Compared to stretch marks from other causes, those caused by … New insights on keloids, hypertrophic scars and striae. Al-Himdani S, et al. Stretch marks are common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. Accessed Nov. 5, 2015. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. 1. Puberty. Many factors can trigger the appearance of stretch marks. This content does not have an Arabic version. Stretch marks are stripes that appear on the body during periods of sudden growth or hormonal change. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome weakens the structure of the skin, which can lead to stretch marks at a young age. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Stretch marks, also called striae, are scars that are associated with the skin being stretched and thinned, which causes the elastic fibers to break. Most of these changes are only temporary and will go away after pregnancy. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Major side effects of systemic glucocorticoids. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. It can be difficult to ever fully get rid of cellulite or stretch marks. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women. While it’s a type of scarring that…, Stretch marks look like indented streaks in your skin. While stretch marks are not dangerous, they can create itching or burning sensations, which can cause discomfort. http://www.uptodate.com/home. They also tend to occur in adolescents who are rapidly growing. 1. Although it is a very common condition, particularly among women, it is still a skin condition that most would like to avoid. All rights reserved. They can also be caused by the overproduction of certain hormones. Applying self-tanning lotion to your stretch marks is a temporary way to minimize the difference in color between your normal skin and your stretch marks. Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. STRETCH MARKS are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body including puberty or pregnancy. British Journal of Dermatology. However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. Stretching results in a breakdown of the connective tissue, inflammation, and scar formation as the injury begins to heal. Superficial dermabrasion versus topical tretinoin on early striae distensae: A randomized, pilot study. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. What Causes Stretch Marks From Working Out? Stretch marks are a type of scar that forms an indent on the skin. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. Stretch marks can appear on anyone at any time. Hexsel D, et al. These chemicals may have damaged cells in the skin. The marks are purplish-red at first, turning white and pearly over time. 1. Stretch marks usually appear in a bluish or purplish color. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Korgavkar K, et al. Stretch marks are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body, such as during puberty or pregnancy. A variety of factors impact their severity, including genetics, stress on the skin and cortisone levels—cortisone is a hormone that weakens elastic fibers within the skin. Although stretch marks are more commonly viewed as a women’s issue, as we have mentioned, men are also susceptible to get them. 8th ed. 24th ed. Stretch marks are an undesired skin condition. When the skin is overstretched, then the elasticity is damaged. Cunningham FG, et al. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. Stretch marks are common in certain circumstances: The following put you at greater risk for developing stretch marks: Your doctor can tell if you have stretch marks by simply looking at your skin and reviewing your medical history. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Saag KG, et al. This can result from corticosteroid medication use or a disease such as Cushing's syndrome. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. If you have Cushing’s disease or Marfan syndrome, you may see stretch marks. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Today I just want to give you a clearer understanding of what stretch marks are and how you may be able to avoid it. Use of a specific anti-stretch mark cream for preventing or reducing the severity of striae gravidarum. 4th ed. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Ud-Din S, et al. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Both men and women can get them. 2012;66(suppl):AB29. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. Cortisone is a hormone naturally produced by your adrenal glands. Unfortunately, not everyone can avoid it. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. Stretch marks are formed when the elastic mid layer of the skin known as the dermis gets stretched. They don’t discriminate. Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Causes of stretch marks, in this case, may remain the same for either type. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). In pregnant women, the most common areas for stretch marks are the belly, breasts, hips and thighs. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . Once you give birth, that is when the lines appear. PLOS One. This is especially common as a result of: Puberty; Pregnancy; Genetics; When specific areas of the body grow more quickly than normal and your skin can’t quite keep up. 2015;172:606. See detailed information below for a list of 14 causes of Stretch marks, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes. They can occur in the abdomen, chest, hips and thighs. Your skin can’t stretch enough to keep up. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . Prevention is mostly avoiding quick weight gain and then loss. What Causes Stretch Marks. Stretch marks are particularly common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. Skin conditions and rashes can occur at any time throughout your pregnancy. Stretch marks: The occurrence of lines on the skin caused by prolonged stretching of the skin. Medical conditions: Certain conditions can cause stretch marks, such as Marfan syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome. This content does not have an English version. 2014;40:537. Other factors that makes teens predisposed to stretch marks appearing include a genetic risk or family history of stretch marks, pregnancy, being overweight or obese, or taking a cortisol medication. When the body's elastic fibers deep beneath the epidermis becomes damaged these scars can appear. Here’s a look at why and how. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. All rights reserved. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Causes for Stretch Marks on Stomach Other Than Pregnancy. What medical treatments are available for stretch marks? If you don’t want to wait, there are treatments that can improve their appearance. The excimer laser stimulates skin color (melanin) production so that stretch marks match the surrounding skin more closely. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. This is what leads to those lines that are a form of scarring. Wright MJ, et al. Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. Since we have stretch marks forming on different body parts, the article will narrow down to address the subcategories of stretch marks depending on their area of appearance. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. Stretch marks don't all look alike. See how to do it right, to avoid bad side…. New stretch marks are bright red, blue, black or purple. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. Breast striae after cosmetic augmentation. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. 1. This typically happens during phases of rapid physical growth, such as adolescence and pregnancy, when your skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate the growing body. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Valente DS, et al. It’s best to use this therapy on newer stretch marks. Other possible causes include: Exposure to chemicals such as pesticides or insecticides during childhood and adolescence. As a result, many women develop stretch marks around the belly. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000066.pub2/abstract.Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Stretch marks can happen when your skin stretches a lot in a short space of time. Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are bands of linear scars that occur due to the overextension of the skin. What Causes Stretch Marks. Stretching leads to a breakdown of connective tissue, inflammation, and then scar formation as the injury heals. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Remember that the severity of the stretchmarks may vary depending on the skin type, genetic factors, skin elasticity, and cortisol levels. The cause of having stretch marks comes down to the elasticity of your skin. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Stretch marks can occur due to a number of different reasons in both men and women, the most common of which are puberty and rapid weight gain (and pregnancy in women). Teenagers may also notice stretch marks after a sudden growth spurt. Genetics, clinical features and diagnosis of Marfan syndrome and related disorders. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. Stretch marks occur when the elastic middle layer of skin called the dermis is stretched. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. As a result, many women develop stretch marks around the belly. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … Common causes of stretch marks include weight gain, pregnancy, and bodybuilding as your body changes or grows rapidly. WHO IS MOST AT RISK OF GETTING STRETCH MARKS ON THEIR BREASTS? Hormone imbalances from birth through adulthood. What causes stretch marks on your back? having a history of delivering large babies or twins, Tretinoin cream (Retin-A, Renova) works by restoring. Stretch marks can cover large areas of the body, but it happens rarely. Causes of Stretch Marks. The best way is to treat the cause and maintain a healthy weight so that these marks may disappear over time. Sudden weight gain. Although some people might find stretch marks unsightly, they're nothing to be ashamed of -- they're completely normal and quite common. 2014;34:1050. Stretch marks during pregnancy: A review of topical prevention. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Sudden weight gain. When your skin stretches a hormone is produced called cortisone. According to Dr. Akhavan, stretch marks are caused when there's a period of rapid growth in your body (like growth spurts, pregnancy, weight gain, or … Stretch, basically, are thin streaks or lines and are long and that appears on the skin. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. Stretching of the skin during weight gain and loss leads to stretch mark formation. 8th ed. 2014;9:e97493. There are; however, causes of stretch marks that are more widely discussed than others – the most popular being pregnancy. The collagen tissue in some children cannot keep the pace with this dramatic growth spurt. The hormonal and physiologic changes during pregnancy are unique in the life of women. Picard D, et al. Drink six to eight glasses of water per day. Treatment can make stretch marks fade, but it won't completely remove them. Stretch marks are the number one thing that everyone hopes they don’t get. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. What causes stretch marks? What Bodily Changes Can You Expect During Pregnancy? Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetic tendency, degree of stress on the skin and cortisone level. Stretch marks can affect just about anyone. Sometimes, stretch marks feel itchy or sore. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Pregnancy, puberty, and rapid weight gain can all cause stretch marks. Applying a self-tanning gel or lotion may help to reduce stretch marks' appearance. Cortisone — a hormone produced by the adrenal glands — weakens elastic fibers in the skin. 2013;35:233. During the stage of growth spurts: The child grows at a faster pace, especially during his or her puberty years. Dry skin can happen for a number of reasons, including weather changes or skin conditions. Stretch marks occur when skin gets overstretched. Stretch marks on your inner thighs occur naturally. It is an unbalance of this hormone that causes stretch marks to appear as your skin loses its elasticity. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. These are often used to reduce inflammation. It's the scarring that causes stretch marks to appear. Warnings. These lines commonly appear during or after pregnancy or after a sudden change in your weight. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. 2014;32:193. Darker-skinned individuals may experience skin discoloration. Just about anyone can develop it but as mentioned before, women are much more likely to … After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Stretch marks often fade with time. Hernandez G, et al. Stretch marks are a result of skin stretching and an increase of cortisone in your system. And so we strive to eliminate them by any means necessary. Certain conditions can cause stretch marks, such as Marfan syndrome and Cushing's syndrome. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. Stretch marks are small narrow silver streaks that occur when the skin is stretched quickly. 2015;73:699. Pulsed dye laser therapy encourages the growth of collagen and elastin. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. If they suspect your stretch marks may be due to a serious illness, they may order blood, urine, or imaging tests. When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. These lines are a different color and texture than your normal skin, and they range from purple to bright pink to light gray. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. The scar-like marks on the skin can have many causes; sometimes they're preventable but, more often, they're not. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. Stretch marks happen when skin changes shape rapidly due to growth or weight gain. Your doctor can help determine the cause of the stretch marks and discuss treatment options. Some men and women are prone to develop stretch marks on the abdomen, buttocks and thighs. However, having too much of this hormone can make your skin lose its elasticity. Stretch marks are scars on the skin, which occurs when the collagen fibers and elastin tear during conditions like pregnancy, puberty, quick weight gain or sudden weight loss. In pregnancy they usually form during the last trimester, and usually on the belly, but also commonly occur on the breasts, thighs, hips, lower back and buttocks; these are known as striae g Stretch marks in children are produced when the collagen, a type of protein which keeps the skin elastic is not able to cope up with growth of the child. The result is skin being pulled and stretched causing stretch marks. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Stretch marks typically appear as bands of parallel lines on your skin. Moisturizing your skin may help to relieve the itchiness of stretch marks. People with Marfan's syndrome are also prone to developing the scars when young. What causes stretch marks? Stretch marks: Introduction. You may notice changes in your skin, vision, and gums. They often fade but don't usually disappear. Stretch marks are often caused by sudden growth or weight gain. The main cause of a stretch mark appearing on a particular part of the body is mainly due to the skin of that body part being stretched. They’re common in pregnancy, but anyone can…, Dermarolling, aka microneedling, is the art of erasing unwanted acne scars, wrinkles, and stretch marks.
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