hoolock gibbon endangered species
In Bangladesh both species are critically endangered and distributed mainly in the northeast and southeast hilly regions bordering neighboring India and Myanmar. This species is also known by the following name(s): Also called White-browed Gibbon, fomerly Hylobates hoolock. Tropical Forestry Group, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Critically Endangered Species Info. All known populations have undergone declines primarily due to habitat destruction or alteration. Hoolock Gibbons, the only species of apes found in India, are threatened with extinction in the Ukhrul and Kamjong districts of Manipur. Endangered Gibbons. The mammal is believed to have a life expectancy of 25 years in the wild. A further new species, Hoolock tianxing, with an estimated population of about 200 in China, was discovered in southwest China in 2017. The silvery gibbon, also known as the Javan gibbon, is very rare and endangered. We presented the result of a systematic survey on the population size and distribution of the Endangered Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing) in Houqiao Town, Tengchong City, Yunnan Province of China.A total of 15–18 individuals of H. tianxing in 5–6 gibbon groups and one solitary gibbon were recorded during the survey conducted in November 2019. Also Read - Assam Police Arrests Opposition MLA Over 'Objectionable' Remarks on … x. White-Handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar) CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED. The main reasons for this are habitat loss and degradation, hunting and illegal trade. Western hoolock gibbons consume upto 100 species of plants, with food choices greatly varying from site to site. Endangered Scientific classification; Kingdom: Animalia: Phylum: Chordata: … All species of gibbons live in Asia and all are threatened. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. Myanmar still holds significantly large and intact areas of prime habitat for Hoolock gibbon, but there are no significant data on the conservation status of the species. Many zoos in major US cities have these animals on exhibit. Conservation specialists consider these animals as among the most endangered of gibbon species. Where in India. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two globally endangered wildlife species limited to only tropical Asian forests. Wildlife enthusiasts who visit the state cannot leave the Garo Hills out of their itinerary. It is home to many rare and endangered species, including the Western Hoolock Gibbon. Bangladesh, India, Myanmar — The population of this south Asian gibbon has declined by over 90% since the early 1970s when they totalled over 100,000. We are governed by a board of volunteer trustees and our team of staff are passionate about protecting endangered species … Currently, four genera (Hoolock, Hylobates, Nomascus and 61 Symphalangus) and up to 19 living species are recognized [Mittermeier et al., 2013]. And because it is the only one, the ape is unquestionably a precious jewel of the Indian forest. We found that deforestation and hunting had exterminated both species from many sites. Species like the gray or Mueller’s gibbons, which Nat Geo’s own Joel Sartore recently featured in a piece on endangered zoo animals, are being phased out of breeding programs in favor of more endangered gibbon species. Having recommended the Skywalker hoolock gibbon be listed as an endangered species, the scientists involved in the research of these primates, are truly elated by the rare discovery of these new animals. 56 Keywords: New species, Hoolock tianxing, gibbon, Mt. "Populations of western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years, and it is now considered to be one of the most endangered 25 primate species in the world. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two globally endangered wildlife species limited to only tropical Asian forests. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River. Hoolock gibbons are native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India and Southwest China. gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. Multilevel action plans that closely involve and benefit local communities are the only way forward to save the endangered gibbons of India. In China, for instance, the gibbons have already lost 99% of their habitat. Hoolock Gibbons, the only species of apes found in India, are threatened with extinction in the Ukhrul and Kamjong districts of Manipur, a report has claimed. Western Hoolock Gibbon. Two species of Hoolock gibbons, Eastern Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) have been reported to occur in India. In Bangladesh both species are critically endangered and distributed mainly in the This fascinating primate species is also found in the southern ranges of the Khasi Hills (community forests near Mawsynram) and Jaintia Hills. It is believed that the name for the endangered species 'Hoolock' is from the Assamese (holou) or related languages. The species is confined to 29 fragmented forested areas in western and central Java. Hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) are endangered small apes occurring in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, and south China. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. In India, it is listed on Schedule 1 of the Indian (Wildlife) Protection Act 1972. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. About 200 animals are thought to exist in China as well as an unknown number in Myanmar. In early 2012 FFI identified a priority conservation site for the endangered western hoolock gibbon: Pauk Sa Mountain. People’s Trust for Endangered Species was set up in 1977 to save our wildlife. Key Details. Gibbons not only include the most endangered apes but also the most endangered primate species of the world. The Hainan gibbon is considered an umbrella species for the Hainan Island. The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): China, India, Southeast Asia. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. The IUCN has classified the population of the western hoolock as endangered and that of the eastern hoolock as vulnerable. Gibbons in the Zoo. Western hoolock gibbon A female in the foreground, and a male in the background Conservation status. LEARN MORE ABOUT SILVERY GIBBONS > Video Preview. Preservation of the tropical forest is imperative to gibbon survival - if it disappears, so do the gibbons. Learn more about the Gibbon's habitat by watching Earth's Green Heart - Asia. 1; IUCN., 2014). The elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia * Corresponding author. It is believed that this is where you can spot Hoolock Gibbon, India’s only ape species. The Gibbon Center is one of the few organizations that houses this species outside their country of origin. Hoolock gibbons are found in Bangladesh, India, China and Myanmar. The eastern hoolock gibbon is vulnerable but not yet endangered. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Hoolock hoolock. GCC founder, Alan Mootnick, was involved with the discovery of their subgenus, and is credited with their renaming and elevation to genus level. The population of the Skywalker hoolock gibbon is unknown, but it's believed to be very low. Resources. Though the sanctuary is said to have one of the densest populations of the small ape, the latest census results from 2019 show only 77 individual hoolock gibbons remain in the forest. PRELIMS QUESTION. The two districts used to be covered with dense, tropical rainforests, which provided ideal tree canopies for the arboreal, brachiating ape species.
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