Menu
Esqueceu a senha? Fazer cadastro

::: Blog MPM

e international telecommunications union

02 12 2020

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) ITU is the UN specialised agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). E-95-33. For other uses, see, World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12), Changes to international telecommunication regulations, Proposed changes to the treaty and concerns, United Nations Economic and Social Council, information and communication technologies, Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine, World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly, ITU-WHO Focus Group on Artificial Intelligence for Health, Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, Member states of the International Telecommunication Union, https://www.itu.int/online/mm/scripts/gensel11, European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations, Inter-American Telecommunication Commission, ITU Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D), ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T), Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre, "The oldest organization of the UN system, the International Telecommunication Union celebrates 150th anniversary | MPO", "Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine - Introduction", "The Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine, 1815-1914. These regions allow for ease of administration for the Union. Some outside the United States believe that the United States exerts too much influence over the governance of the Internet. It is tasked with the They are also used in order to ensure equitable distribution on the Council, with seats being apportioned among the regions. [60] Some leaked contributions can be found on the wcitleaks.org web site. They are as follow:[37], The ITU operates six regional offices, as well as seven area offices. e-consultation on digital agriculture investments and digital transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) invite you to the ‘"e-Consultation on digital agriculture investments and digital transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa" [49][50], The WCIT-12 activity has been attacked by Google, which has characterized it as a threat to the "...free and open internet. The sector members are divided as follow: List of members: [53], On 5 December 2012, the United States House of Representatives passed a resolution opposing UN governance of the Internet by a rare unanimous 397–0 vote. [40] The previous conference to update the Regulations (ITRs) was held in Melbourne in 1988. It was originally known as the International Telegraph Union and is one of the oldest international organizations. https://www.itu.int/online/mm/scripts/gensel11, The ITU is divided into five administrative regions. [29], Membership of ITU is open to all Member States of the United Nations, which may join the Union as Member States. Chapter I - Functioning of the Union. The Union pursues its objectives by means of : The Constitution provides that a Plenipotentiary Conference, the supreme organ of the Union, be convened every four years. ITU membership consists of 192 Member States and around 700 sector members. Nineteenth Century European Integration. They are as follow:[38]. These offices help maintain direct contact with national authorities, regional telecommunication organizations and other stakeholders. 10017USATel. It comprises up to 25 percent of Member States, elected by the Plenipotentiary Conference with due regard to the equitable distribution of Council seats among the five world regions (Americas, nine seats; Western Europe, eight seats; Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, five seats; Africa, 13 seats; Asia and Australasia, 13 seats). The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs), driving innovation in … ", "International Telegraph Conference (Paris, 1865)", "50th anniversary of World Telecommunication & Information Society Day, 17 May 2019", "International Telegraph Conference (Madrid, 1932)", "Sector Members, Associates and Academia", "Collection of the Basic Texts of the International Telecommunication Union adopted by the Plenipotentiary Conference", "PP-18, the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 2018", "Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union", "ITU Management team inauguration on 15 January 2015", "ITU Member States Re-Elects Houlin Zhao as Secretary-General", "International Telecommunication Union Member States", New Country, New Number – Country code 211 officially assigned to South Sudan, "ITU-T : International Numbering Resources : National Numbering Plans : China, Taiwan", "ITU Member States by Administrative Region", "World Summit on the Information Society", "World Conference on International iTelecommunications 2012", "International Telecommunication Regulations", "ITU opens public consultation on internet regulation treaty", "United Nations wants control of web kill switch", International Telecommunication Regulations, "Robert McDowell:The U.N. Promote and offer technical assistance to developing countries in telecommunications. While non-voting, these members still have the opportunity to influence the decisions made by the Union.[17][36]. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications), originally the International Telegraph Union (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.. The Secretary-General is elected by the Plenipotentiary Conference for four-year terms. Overview Edit. Originally founded in 1865, as the International Telegraph Union, the ITU is the oldest existing international organization. The International Telegraph (later Telecommunication) Convention, today the Constitution and Convention of ITU, is the basic treaty that establishes the legal basis for the Union … [58] Despite the significant number countries not signing, the ITU came out with a press release: "New global telecoms treaty agreed in Dubai". His four-year mandate started on 1 January 2015, and he was formally inaugurated on 15 January 2015. Navigate by mechanism and/or content type: © 2016 Chief Executives Board Secretariat, Terms | Disclaimers | Contact | Credits | Scams, C-553Palais des NationsCH-1211 Genève 10SwitzerlandTel. They adopt the underlying policies of the organisation, determine its direction and activities, and make decisions relating to its structure through a treaty called the Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union. [13][23], While the Plenipotentiary Conference is the Union's main decision-making body, the ITU Council acts as the Union's governing body in the interval between Plenipotentiary Conferences. At the conference it was also decided that the Bureau of the International Telegraph Union would also act as the conference's central administrator. In December 2012, the ITU facilitated The World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12) in Dubai. 9 Z a c h e r, a m o n g s t a f e w o t h e r s, t r a c e s t h e development of the International Telecommunica- tion Union (ITU), establi shed to ensure the smooth [61], "ITU" redirects here. [22] In addition to the Constitution and Convention, the consolidated basic texts include the Optional Protocol on the settlement of disputes,[21]:I.B.1.8.a.1 the Decisions, Resolutions and Recommendations in force, as well as the General Rules of Conferences, Assemblies and Meetings of the Union. Facilitating implementation of the outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society. The 1932 Madrid Plenipotentiary Conference decided the current name, which came into force on 1 January 1934. [44] In 1988, telecommunications operated under regulated monopolies in most countries. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has published the 2020 ITU Radio Regulations — the international treaty governing the global use of RF spectrum and satellite orbits. These members are private organizations like carriers, equipment manufacturers, funding bodies, research and development organizations and international and regional telecommunication organizations. Policy papers and reports designed to provide a focus on topics of current interest the regulators, policy-makers and the broader ITU membership. [15] The sectors were created during the restructuring of ITU at its 1992 Plenipotentiary Conference.[16]. ITU headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. Promoting international cooperation in the delivery of technical assistance to developing countries. [9][12][13], The ITU comprises three Sectors, each managing a different aspect of the matters handled by the Union, as well as ITU Telecom. ITU called for a public consultation on a draft document ahead of the conference. It has 193 countries as its members and also 800 private-sector entities and academic institutions. Dan Mahar, Assistant Director of Telecommunications & Networking t: (518) 388-8050 f: (518) 388-6464 e: mahard@union.edu. ciety. [8][9] As a result of the 1865 Conference, the International Telegraph Union, the predecessor to the modern ITU, was founded as the first international standards organization. [citation needed], The Plenipotentiary Conference is the supreme organ of the ITU. The ITU promotes the shared global use of the radio spectrum, facilitates international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, assists in developing and coordinating worldwide technical standards, and works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world. [4], The ITU is one of the oldest international organizations still in operation (the Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine predates it by several decades[5][6]). Measures for ensuring the safety of life, particularly in the aftermath of natural disasters. What does ITU-R stand for? It is the oldest global international organization. [8][10][11][12], Another predecessor to the modern ITU, the International Radiotelegraph Union, was established in 1906 at the first International Radiotelegraph Convention in Berlin. "[51], On 22 November 2012, the European Parliament passed a resolution urging member states to prevent ITU WCIT-12 activity that would "negatively impact the internet, its architecture, operations, content and security, business relations, internet governance and the free flow of information online". While certain parts of civil society and industry were able to advise and observe, active participation was restricted to member states. Developing infrastructure for information and communication technologies (ICTs) to connect under-served and remote communities. The ITU coordinates the shared global use of … [55][56][57] The disagreement appeared to be over some language in the revised ITRs referring to ITU roles in addressing unsolicited bulk communications, network security, and a resolution on Internet governance that called for government participation in Internet topics at various ITU forums. Extend international cooperation among Member States for the improvement and rational use of telecommunications of all kinds. The AmericasAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaBahamasBarbadosBelizeBoliviaBrazilCanadaChileColombiaCosta RicaCubaDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEl SalvadorGrenadaGuatemalaGuyanaHaitiHondurasJamaicaMexicoNicaraguaPanamaParaguayPeruSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSurinameTrinidad and TobagoUSAUruguayVenezuela, Western EuropeAndorraAustriaBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaCroatiaCyprusDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFrance GermanyGreeceHoly SeeHungary IcelandIrelandItalyLatviaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaMonacoNetherlandsNorwayPortugalSan MarinoSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandTurkeyUK, Eastern Europe and Northern AsiaAlbaniaArmeniaAzerbaijanBelarusBulgariaCzech RepublicGeorgiaKazakhstanKyrgyzstanMontenegroPolandRepublic of MoldovaRomaniaRussian FederationSerbiaSlovakiaTajikistanThe former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaTurkmenistanUkraineUzbekistan, AfricaAlgeriaAngolaBeninBostwanaBurkin FasoBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadComorosCongoCote d'IvoireDR CongoDjiboutiEgyptEquatorial GuineaEritreaEthiopiaGabonGambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauKenyaLesothoLiberiaLibyan AJMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMauritiusMoroccoMozambiqueNamibiaNigerNigeriaRwandaSao Tome and PrincipeSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSomaliaSouth AfricaSudanSwazilandTogoTunisiaUgandaUR of TanzaniaZambiaZimbabwe, Asia and AustralasiaAfghanistanAustraliaBahrainBangladeshBhutanBrunei DarussalamCambodiaChinaDPRKFijiIndiaIndonesiaIranIsraelJapanJordanKiribatiLao PDRLebanonMalaysiaMaldivesMarshall IslandsMicronesiaMongoliaMyanmarNauruNepalNew ZealandOmanPakistanPapua New GuineaPhilippinesQatarROKSamoaSaudi ArabiaSingaporeSolomon IslandsSri LankaSyriaThailandTimor-LesteTongaTuvaluUAEVanuatuViet NamYemen. A free inside look at company reviews and salaries posted anonymously by employees. What is the abbreviation for International Telecommunication Union - Radio? 16 Union Internationale des Télécommunications reviews. [2], The ITU was initially aimed at helping connect telegraphic networks between countries, with its mandate consistently broadening with the advent of new communications technologies; it adopted its current name in 1934 to reflect its expanded responsibilities over radio and the telephone. The same resolution had previously been passed unanimously by the upper chamber of the Congress in September.[54]. The Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (short: ITU Constitution and Convention | also: CS CV) is an international treaty, signed and ratified by almost all countries of the world. Harmonise the actions of Member States and promote cooperation and partnership between Member States and sector members. The Republic of China (Taiwan) was blocked from membership by the People's Republic of China, but nevertheless received a country code, being listed as "Taiwan, China. In December 2012, the ITU facilitated The World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12) in Dubai. Proposals under consideration would establish regulatory oversight by the UN over security, fraud, traffic accounting as well as traffic flow, management of Internet Domain Names and IP addresses, and other aspects of the Internet that are currently governed either by community-based approaches such as regional Internet registries, ICANN, or largely national regulatory frameworks. Building cybersecurity and confidence in online transactions with a focus on protecting children online. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) whose purpose is to coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout the world. The current Council comprises 48 Member States and meets annually. It is also active in the areas of broadband Internet, wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks. Its members are as follow:[25], The mission of the Secretariat is to provide high-quality and efficient services to the membership of the Union. This agreement entered into force on 1 January 1949, officially making the ITU an organ of the United Nations. International Telecommunication Union (ITU), specialized agency of the United Nations that was created to encourage international cooperation in all forms of telecommunication. WCIT-12 was a treaty-level conference to address International Telecommunications Regulations, the international rules for telecommunications, including international tariffs. The 1932 Madrid Plenipotentiary Conference decided the current name, which came into force on 1 January 1934. Inc., File No. The Council is also responsible for ensuring the smooth day-to-day running of the Union, coordinating work programmes, approving budgets and controlling finances. The International Telecommunication Union or the ITU is a specialized agency of the United Nations made for information and communication technologies. It was preceded by the now defunct International Telegraph Union which drafted the earliest international standards and regulations governing international telegraph networks. Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Done at: Geneva. Stephen DeGeyter, Sr. Telecommunications Analyst t: (518) 388-6411 f: (518) 388-6464 e: degeytes@union.edu. The Conference determines the policies, direction and activities of the Union, as well as elects the members of other ITU organs. The ITU is an inter-governmental organization that brings together governments and industry to coordinate the establishment and operation of global telecommunication networks and services. Threat to Internet Freedom", "Crovitz: The U.N.'s Internet Power Grab", "CNET:U.N. could tax U.S.-based Web sites, leaked docs show", "European Parliament warns against UN internet control", "European Parliament resolution on the forthcoming World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT-12) of the International Telecommunication Union, and the possible expansion of the scope of international telecommunication regulations", "House approves resolution to keep Internet control out of UN hands", "EFF Joins Coalition Denouncing Secretive WCIT Planning Process", "The ITU Treaty Negotiations: A Call for Openness and Participation", Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, UN Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Federation of United Nations Associations, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Telecommunication_Union&oldid=991027637, United Nations organizations based in Geneva, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Region A - The Americas (35 Member States), Region B - Western Europe (33 Member States), Region C - Eastern Europe and Northern Asia (21 Member States), Region E - Asia and Australasia (50 Member States), Regional Office for Africa, headquartered in, Regional Office for the Americas, headquartered in, Regional Office for Arab States, headquarters in, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, headquartered in, Regional Office for the Commonwealth of Independent States, headquartered in, Regional Office for Europe, headquartered in, Regional Commonwealth in the Field of Communications (RCC—representing, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 21:52. [23][24] It is composed of 48 members and works to ensure the smooth operation of the Union, as well as to consider broad telecommunication policy issues. The ITU has three main sectors, encompassing its main conferences: The ITU's General Secretariat is headed by the organisation's Secretary-General, assisted by a deputy secretary-general and three elected directors. Faculty and staff may also receive assistance by contacting the Telecommunications Help Desk in the following ways: Founded in 1865, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has been an integral part of the United Nations since its inception in 1947. Between 1 March and 17 May 1865, the French Government hosted delegations from 20 European states at the first International Telegraph Conference in Paris. [41], In August 2012, Neaomy Claiborne of Northern California was reelected for a 3rd term as liaison and legal advisor to the Secretariat General. One hundred associates also take part in some ITU work under special arrangements with the sectors. Current ITU Council members were elected at the Plenipotentiary Conference in October 2010. The Conference decided that the Telegraph Convention of 1875 and the Radiotelegraph Convention of 1927 were to be combined into a single convention, the International Telecommunication Convention, embracing the three fields of telegraphy, telephony and radio. The Telecommunication Development Sector comprises the world and regional telecommunication development conferences, study groups, the Telecommunication Development Advisory Group and the Telecommunication Development Bureau. It is also the most important agency for private sectors and governments all across the world in developing networks and services. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) was founded in 1865 in Paris as the International Telegraph Union. The previous conference to update the Regulations (ITRs) was held in Melbourne in 1988. It would also allow governments to shut down the internet if there is the belief that it may interfere in the internal affairs of other states or that information of a sensitive nature might be shared. Promoting preferential and favourable lines of credit for the development of social projects aimed at extending telecommunication services to the most isolated areas. The next elections will be held in 2014. On 14 December 2012, an amended version of the Regulations was signed by 89 of the 152 countries. International Telecommunication Union regions with dividing lines.svg 940 × 477; 1.2 MB Play media ITU - AI for Good Webinar Series - COVID-19 Case Study Using ICT & AI in The Republic of Korea.webm 59 s, 1,920 × 1,080; 25.37 MB She has negotiated and secured authorizations and license agreements for telecommunications projects from foreign governments around the world, and has negotiated and drafted sales, operating, and service agreements with commercial and government entities globally. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) was founded in 1865 in Paris as the International Telegraph Union. International Telecommunication Union ( ITU ) World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database. : +41-022/917 32 76, DC2-06102 United Nations PlazaNew York, N.Y. It meets every year. In his opening remarks, ITU Radiocommunication Bureau Director Mario Maniewicz explains what to expect at this year's World Radiocommunication Seminar (WRS-20), including why this year's plenary sessions are open to everyone. Promote the use of telecommunication services with the aim of facilitating peaceful relations. The resolution warned that "... proposals have been put forward for consideration at the [WCIT-12] that would fundamentally alter the governance and operation of the Internet ... [and] would attempt to justify increased government control over the Internet ...", and stated that the policy of the United States is "... to promote a global Internet free from government control and preserve and advance the successful Multistakeholder Model that governs the Internet today." I have no qualms with the bottom lines reached in these two orders. E-95-29, Philippine Long Distance Company v. USA Global Link. World conferences on international telecommunications. Promote internationally a broader approach to telecommunications issues by cooperating with other inter-governmental organisations and those non-governmental organisations concerned with telecommunications. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an international organization headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates global telecommunications networks and services with governments and the private sector. The United States of America Since 1865, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has been at the centre of advances in communications – from telegraphy through to the modern world of satellites, mobile phones and the Internet. The role of the Council is to consider, in the interval between Plenipotentiary Conferences, broad telecommunication policy issues and ensure that the Union's activities, policies and strategies respond fully to the rapidly changing telecommunication environment. The Telecommunication Standardization Sector comprises the world telecommunication standardisation assemblies, study groups, the Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group and the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau. Palais des Nations1211 Geneva 20SwitzerlandTelephone: ( +41 22) 730 5111Fax: ( +41 22) 733 7256Email: itumail@itu.int. International Telecommunication Union | 26,420 followers on LinkedIn | Connecting the world, together.

Samsung Ne58r9311ss Dimensions, Axelrod Gunnarson Lore, Ube Jam Near Me, Kyoto Train Map, 1st Year Computer Science Subjects List, White Pet Names, Wild Animals Eating Pets, Magento 2 Admin Module Development, Master's In Landscape Architecture Online, How To Catch Bluegill, 12 Mountains In The Bible,

::: Autor do post