why is elkhorn coral endangered
About Us; Blog; Campaigns; Endangered Species; Menu. Today, 33% of coral species are listed on the on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of endangered species. Low genetic diversity makes coral populations more susceptible to being decimated by disease. This species was once so abundant that entire regions of the reef were called the ‘Palmata Zone’ and it was important to know where the palmata zones were, because their sturdy branches easily sank ships. Scientists predict that most of the world’s corals will be subjected to mass bleaching events at deadly frequencies within 20 years on our current emissions path. There was just enough Acropora palmata growing in this one area that for a moment, while swimming in the center of it all we could see was Elkhorn coral in every direction. Endangered and Threatened Species; Proposed Threatened Status for Elkhorn Coral and Staghorn Coral, 24359-24365 [05-9222] Download as PDF Federal Register / Vol. Staghorn coral can form dense groups called thickets in very shallow water. Acropora palmata, the Elkhorn Coral, is the quintessential Caribbean Coral Reef species. Thankfully, on our recent visit to the Dominican Republic, we had a nice refresher on why this coral is so special when it is covering a nice spread of wave-washed shallow reef. 10 Things You Can Do to Save Endangered Species, Support our work with a one time or recurring gift. We got some intel that there was ‘some colonies’ growing not far from the staghorn coral nurseries, but the extent of this Palmata stronghold was not thoroughly conveyed to us. Researchers are sampling the … Endangered Elkhorn Coral - ABOUT Avid outdoorsman and underwater photographer, Barry Brown has spent the last 12 years documenting life above and below water in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. The species was listed as threatened under the U.S. The video shows stands of the once-dominant but now-endangered Caribbean elkhorn coral, Acropora palmata, in Curacao. Jake is interested in every facet of the marine aquarium hobby from the concepts to the technology, rare fish to exotic corals, and his interests are well documented through a very prolific career of speaking to reef clubs and marine aquarium events, and writing articles for aquarium publications across the globe. The elkhorn coral is endangered mainly because of disease such as white-band disease which is believed to be the primary cause for the region wide acroporid decline during the 1980s and is still ongoing. Staghorn coral is one of the most important corals in the Caribbean. The thing is, you can still find Acropora palmata growing everywhere, but it’s usually just a small remnant, a large encrustation or one poorly developed branch just trying to hang on to life. The Elkhorn Coral has become endangered because of different types of human activity. For a brief moment in time it as possible to take the sight of Acropora palmata, multiply it by an order of magnitude, and imagine what the historic palmata zone might have been like before this coral was nearly wiped out. NMFS designated critical habitat for elkhorn and staghorn corals in November 2008. His primary interest is in corals which Jake pursues in the aquarium hobby as well as diving the coral reefs of the world. Image of landscape, conservation, marine - 158004068 Colonies of elkhorn coral are relatively fast growing, with branch length increasing about 2 to 4 inches per year. However in the back of our heads we couldn’t stop thinking about the spirit animal of Caribbean reefs, the elkhorn coral. Throughout its range, it has become more and more rare, and scientists now consider it to be critically endangered (very highly vulnerable to extinction). Endangered Staghorn and Elkhorn Corals. The video shows stands of the once-dominant but now endangered Caribbean elkhorn coral, Acropora palmata, in Curacao. The Endangered Species Coalition … Once the most abundant and important reef-building corals in Florida and the Caribbean, elkhorn corals have declined by more than July 4, 2013 No Comments .
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